Similar to other operating systems, there are many different OS distributions based on the common illumos kernel. Some of them are maintained by enthusiasts, others are primarily developed by commercial companies with their own priorities and target products (i.e. storage, virtualization, etc.) with different packaging systems (IPS, SVR4, DEB, RPM, etc). These projects contribute back to the common core set of software which the illumos project is about.
Active Distributions and projects built on the illumos kernel include (in alphabetical order):
SmartOS from Joyent is an open-source illumos distro designed for cloud computing. It includes a port of KVM, allowing other OSes such as Linux and Windows to run natively in SmartOS/illumos virtualized environments.
Older / Legacy Distributions and projects built on the illumos kernel include (in alphabetical order):
OpenSXCE is a project on which Martin Bochnig (previously creator of MartUX distribution based on OpenSolaris SXCE) slaved away for many months, investing all his time and scarce monies. It is ultimately an up-to-date distribution in sync for SPARC and x86, and on SPARC it supports all
sun4v Workstations, Servers, Telcos from the 1995' Ultra-1 to everything that came to market before 2011. All gfx cards have binary redistributable driver support. The distribution comes with Caiman text-install and gui-install, on CD.iso, DVD.iso and USB (even on select SPARC models).
|Name||Created/maintained by||Packaging System||Default Userland||Recommended Use||Notes|
|DilOS||Igor Kozhukhov||dpkg/apt||GNU||xen34-dom0, vmware guests, SPARC, etc. General purpose - servers with ssh access|
|EON Storage||Andre Lue||Home/SOHO NAS and all-in-one servers: storage appliances, media streamers, web-servers, VM hosters...|
|illumian||Nexenta||deb/apt||GNU||General purpose - servers|
|napp-it ToGo||napp-it||IPS||Ready to use images for USB sticks on supported hardware with all napp-it add-ons and Web-UI preinstalled|
|OmniOS||OmniTI||IPS||General purpose - servers|
|OpenIndiana||EveryCity/community||IPS||GNU (Native optional)||General purpose - servers and desktop|
|OpenSXCE||Martin Bochnig||SVR4||General purpose - SPARC and x86 servers and desktops|
|SmartOS||Joyent||pkgsrc||GNU||Cloud computing hypervisor, appliances|
GNU (NCP2 based)
|General purpose - desktop|
|StormOS Next||-||portage||Native (GNU optional)||General purpose - developer focused|
|Tribblix||Peter Tribble||SVR4||Desktop, but will expand to server|
|v9os||Alexander Eremin||IPS||General purpose - SPARC servers|